Common Vocabulary is CrucialIn a field growing as rapidly as microbiota research, using a common vocabulary is crucial to helping readers understand exactly what an author is conveying when they use metabolomics vs metabonomics or microbiota vs microbiome.
Common Microbiata MisnomersThe authors also point out some misnomers that are in common use such as "16S survey" in "studies discussing metataxonomic analyses relying on sequencing and analysis of 16S rRNA genes". They suggest the better and more descriptive phrase would be "16S rRNA genes" or "16S rRNA gene sequencing/analysis."
Microflora and the Microbial CommunitiesA full paragraph is devoted to the use of the word "microflora" often used to describe the microbial communities associated with humans. As the authors point out, "flora" derives from Greek and Latin words used to describe "the plants of a particular region or period, listed by species and considered as a whole". The use of microflora has gained popularity over the past 100 years and some dictionaries now have a definition for microflora that includes intestinal flora," The authors have done a good job surveying the literature and critically assessing the use of words associated with microbiota research.
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